Life of Ernest Miller Hemingway was an American novelist and short story writer. He was awarded the Novel Prize for Literature in 1954.
Ernest Miller Hemingway was the born on July 21, 1899 at Oak Park, Illinois, Chicago to Dr Clarence and Grace Hemingway. From an early age, Ernest shares in his father’s interests. He would observe nature and lived outdoor for camping, fishing and hiking. All these experiences were later reflected in many of Hemingway’s stories such as Nick Adams Stories and the famous The Old Man and the Sea.
From 1913, Ernest attended Oak Park School and then River Forest High School. In 1915, he wrote for his high school newspaper and the literary magazine. After he graduated in 1917 from Oak Park High School, he accepted a job as a reporter for The Kansan City Star. His journalism career significantly impacted his literacy writing style.
In 1818, Hemingway wanted to join the military, but he was rejected because of his weak left eye. So, he decided to do voluntary work instead. He went to Italy with the American Red Cross.
While he volunteered to distribute chocolates and cigarettes to the troops, he got severely wounded by cannon. In his famous war novel, A Farewell to Arms he started his experiences of World War I with the readers. Hemingway returned to the United States in 1919, after he was discharge from the Red Cross. Later, he was hired as a correspondent at the Toronto Star.
His first book, Three Stories &Ten Poems was published by Contact Publishing in 1923. He started to work on his next project called In Our time, a collection of short stories published in 1925.
In 1926, he published his first major novel called The Sun Also Rises. The lost Generation was a group of writers based in the post-war period, who were heavily affected by the war; Hemingway being one of these writers. That year, he released many work like The Torrents of Spring and Today is Friday. He signed a contract with Scribner Publishing in 1926, and published with the Scribner for the next 35 years.
He wrote A Farewell to Arms in 1929. It was a poetic novel of love and war during World War I. Hemingway went on a safari in Africa in 1934, which gave him new ideas for his next book. The novel Snows of Kilimanjaro and The Green Hills Of Africa were based on accounts of his safari adventures. Both these book were published in 1935.
Hemingway served as a war reporter during the Spanish Civil War. He funded the Loyalist cause and published to Have and Have Not in 1937. It was one of the best-selling political novel. The next year, he published The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories. It contained Hemingway’s first full-length play about the Spanish war. In 1940, he released For Whom the Bell Tolls, another one of his hit novels.
In 1944, he covered the war and became a World War II correspondent for Collier’s. He published Across the River and into the Trees in 1950. The novel was based on a romance set in the post World War Europe. It was well received near the end of the 20th century.
In 1951, Hemingway wrote The Old Man and the Sea, which became is most appreciated work. He won the Pulitzer Prize for this book in 1953.
Ernest Hemingway married four times. He was the father of four children. In his later years, Hemingway bought a home in Ketchum, Idaho in 1959. There, he wrote A movable Feast, an autobiography about his years in Paris. He died on 2, 1961, at the age of 61 in Idaho.
A few of Hemingway’s works were published posthumously. Islands in the stream, a semi autobiographical novel in 1970, and A Movable Feast and The Dangerous Summer were published in 1985. Hemingway’s work remains a valuable contribution to twentieth-century literature and continues inspiring future generation.