What is Secularism in Simple words?
The Indian constitution allows individuals the freedom to live by their religious beliefs and practices as they understand these. In keeping with this idea of religious freedom for all, India also adopted a strategy of separating the power of religion and the power of the state. Secularism refers to this separation of religion from the state.
What is Indian Secularism?
The Indian Constitution mandates that the Indian State be secular. According to the Constitution, only a secular State can realize its objective to ensure the following. That one religious community does not dominate another.
That some members do not dominate other members of the same religious community. That the State does not enforce any particular religion nor take away the religious freedom of individuals. The Indian state works in various ways to avoid the above domination. First, it uses a strategy of distancing itself from religion.
The Indian State is not ruled by a religious group and nor does it support any one religion. In India, government spaces like law courts, police stations, government schools, and offices are not supposed to display or endorse any one religion.
The Indian State is secular and works in various ways to prevent religious domination. The Indian Constitution guarantees Fundamental Rights that are based on these secular principles. However, this is not to say that there is no violation of these rights in Indian Society.
Indeed it is precise because such violations happen frequently that we need a constitutional mechanism to prevent them from happening. The knowledge that such rights exist makes us sensitive to their violations and enables us to take action when the various take place.