Who was Dr. Radhakrishnan?
DR Radhakrishnan was childbirth on September 5, 1888 at Tirutani, Tamil Nadu to conventional Brahman family, Sarvepalli Veerswami was the name of his father and Sitamma that of her mother. Radhakrishnan’s intimates had migrated to Tamil Nadu long back.
Veerswami earned a meager salary had a large family of about 8 members to support and sustain. It was not possible for him to provide good education to young Radhakrishnan. Therefore, Radhakrishnan had to depend largely on scholarship and his own talents which were soon recognized.
He was as first in Tirutani School and then sent to Lutheran Mission School at Tirutani. Later he went to Voorhees’s College in Vellore for further studies. once he was age of 17 years , he participated in Madras Christian College in Chennai and studied philosophy and obtained B.A and M.A. degrees in the subject.
Radhakrishnan was a great saints, seers, philosophers, teacher and intellectuals since silvery past in India. The whole world has benefited hugely from their wisdom learning, teachings and philosophy. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had one of these great experts in philosophers.
He has been an illusions philosopher, teacher, statesman, speaker, author and administrator. It recognition of his outstanding qualities of head and heart he was awarded many prestigious honours including Bharat Ratna in 1954.
America to release lectures on Indian philosophy, culture and civilization by various huge universities. He was the first Indian teacher and scholar to teach at Oxford University. Wherever he went to deliver his messages of peace, spiritual new gravitational and Indian wisdom, he was heard with great respect and standing ovation.
Way to Swami Vivekananda
Radhakrishnan was is strongly influenced by the teachings of Narendra and his message to the citizens of India. Therefore , he decided to reveal the intelligence of Indian philosophy, therefore, he selected for his M.A. thesis the subject of the principles of Vedanta. It was a be fitting reply to the charge leveled by many westerners that Vedanta was not based on ethics. This thesis is very finely shows his terrific outstanding skills as a deep philosopher and analysis of a complex subject.
It is also revealed his great capacity and ability to master the language of English. This intellectual portion of writing was amply valued by Dr. A.G. Hogg, the professor of philosophy at the missionary college.
After that, the thesis was published as a book and it gave young Radhakrishnan a lot of satisfaction. Then he was 20 years old. Earlier at the age of 16 he was married to Sivakamumma, a girl of ten only.
After his M.A. degree in philosophy he undertook the job of teachings as an assistant lecturer at the Madras Presidency College in 1909. There he taught philosophy. Five years later he became professor of Philosophy in same college.
As a Terrific Philosopher and Thinker
He was a voracious reader and very serious thinker and continued his studies in world philosophies. He also took keen interest in the study of English literature. He also developed into an influential speaker and his exposition of the subject before the audience was ever brilliant speaker and his exposition of the subject before the audience was ever bright interesting and remarkable and so very soon he became very prevalent between students and his fellow-teachers.
It was then that he published his first book entitled “The Essentials of Psychology” which proved quit a success. He also bring scholarly articles to various publication and magazines.
In 1918, Radhakrishnan returns to the University of Mysore as a professor of philosophy. There Radharkrishnan released his book the Philosophy of Rabindaranth Tagore. Two years subsequent showed up his “The reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy”.
Those publications deserved him further appreciation and fame and he was established as a main philosopher and thinker. It was that Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee, the well-known Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University invited him there as professor.
Radhakrishnan finished the first volume of his so well-known work “Indian Philosophy” in 1923, his magnum opens. The volume was welcomed and appreciated as a classic. There were many favorable reviews by eminent writers and Indian thought and philosophy came to be recognized as a serious subject of research and study.
As a Vice Chancellor of Delhi Universities
In 1954, he was selected as the Chancellor of the University of Delhi. Here again he served the great institutions of learning with much distinction. Throughout all these years he besides worked as a cultural ambassador of the country and traveled all over the world carrying India’s message of peace and friendship.
He was awarded many national the Goethe Plaquette (1959) and Bharat Ratna (1954). The book entitled Philosophy of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was published in the U.S.A. it contained 883 page compilation of brilliant articles and essays on this great philosophers-statesman.
His fame as a great statesman who was no less than of culturally ambassador of India. In the province of religion and philosophy his enormous personality was awe-inspiring. He followed the principal of “Do your best” in every field of life and served the country and the entire humanity is an exemplary way. Unfortunately his wife expired in 1956 and it grieved him a lot. They had five children.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
He succeed Dr. Rajendra Prasad as a President of India in 1962 earlier during the illness of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, he had acted as President of the Indian Union. His appointment as President was widely welcomed by many world personalities like Bernard Russell who he said represented the ideal of the philosopher-king.
He paid a State visit to the USA in 1963 and delivered lectures urging the people to remove poverty, illiteracy and development from the world, his voice was taken as the voice of the conscience and that of the downtrodden and deprived.
Later he paid a State visit to England. There too he underscored the critical demand of spiritual regeneration and economical development to improve the quality of life in Asian-African countries.
His constructive views and liberal thinking impressed all. He was an ideal-philosopher-king of Plato’s conception. He believed in freedom, democracy, accommodation, tolerance and the wisdom of our ancient satins and teachers. He added new self-respect, magnitude and brilliance to the high office to the President of India by his so deep and wide knowledge, wisdom and towering personality.
Dr. Zakir Hussian
He laid down this high and imposing office in 1967 at the age of 79. Dr. Zakir Hussian succeeds him as the President. In May 1967 he returned to Madras (Chennai), his home town amidst roaring welcome and cheers.
Finally, he passed away on April 17, 1975 and the whole of India was drowned in a sea of gloom and remembrance. He was light-house of Indian wisdom and incarnates our great ancient culture. In his death we missing a towering personality that controlled the world scene for such a long time.
As a tribute to his caring remembrance and great , conquests, today his birthday is celebrated as the Teacher’s Day on 5th September every year. Beyond too many wonderful things he was a teacher par excellence. His accomplishments and achievements in this capacity have been equally and different and wonderful. He was primary and last a master, a guru.