Who was Raja Ram Mohan Roy?
Raja Ram Mohan Roy is an terrific reformist, great intellectual , too greatly ahead of his period, he is makers of New and Modern India, a different personality and the explorer of Brahmo-Samaj was born on 22nd May, 1722 in Radhanagar, a village in West Bengal.
When this so remarkable man was born there was in disaster, moral values, social concerns and religious institutions were at their lowest and the economy in a chaos. It was a time when the whole country was drowned in many superstitions, dead and useless rituals and caste, creed, and religious fineness reigned supreme. It was a time when women looked upon as helpless creatures worthy only to be confined to homes and hearths.
Early Life Biography
Ram Mohan Roy arrived with his scientific moderate, broad outlook, championship of liberty, liberal and fundamentals principles reforms and sign of balance and humaneness. He thinks very differently and much ahead of his times. His ideas, ideals and practices helped a lot in the rebirth and renaissance in the country.
His sprit and personal magnetic charm created people in thousands to rally behind him for basic changes in religion, society, politics, education and personal life. He practically caused to down a new era of explanation and reawakening.
Ram Mohan Roy’s father, Rama Kant was a wealthy landlord. He sending his son Ram Mohan to the village small town only for his fundamental qualifications where the youth boy learnt Arabic and Persian beyond his mother tongue Bengali. He took much in learning and studies.
Afterward Ram was sent to Patna which was then a great center of education and teaching. Here he studied the holy Koran and Sufi saints. The Islamic ideology fair and beliefs and amazed him very greatly.
intellectual scopes of the youths student to be a great degree and he started to looking in many kind of religious with huge respect and reverence. moreover Hinduism and Islam he also deliberated Jainism, Buddhism and Christianity honestly. when he went to Tibet for a some couple of years ,he studied Buddhist religious texts and other relevant material.
Educations and Career
once Ram came again to Varanasi from Tibet, he devoted himself to the study of Sanskrit, the older Indian languages so wealthy all respects. His study of Vedanta and Upanishads further strengthened his belief in beliefs and one God.
When he came and started living at Murshidabad, he wrote a book entitled “Tuhfat-ul-Muwa-dabad (A Gift from the Monotheists) in 1803. It was in Persian language. Here he highlighted the importance of religious as instruments of mutual love and affection among all fellow living begins.
Later he linked the Civil Service of the East India Company and worked as an assistant revenue officer in Ramgarh. An happening , tragic in nature and dimensions, left an indelible impression on his mind. After the death of his elder brother, his wife was forced to commit sati by immolating herself on her dead husband’s pyre. It was then and there that he resolved to root out and eradicate this great evil from Hindu society for ever.
He was likewise and hardly against such other social evils as child-marriage, casteism, marriage and developing of womens. He was shocked to see the unhappy of Hindu widows many of known were young ladies.
As a Great Reformer
The year 1815 he proved importance in his life when he founded the Atmiya Sabha, a kind of inner circle of discuss freely social problems, reforms and theological issues. It is also engaged itself into translating the Upnishads. The inner circle met once a week in Calcutta and deliberated on various issues.
The circle included such eminent persons as Dwarkanath Tagore, Nand Kishore Bose, Brindaban Mitra and some others. These men, mindful of their social obligations and responsibility, wrote articles on various issues, very close to their hearts, and published them in the Bangla Gazette.
Ram Mohan continued his crusade against the Sati system with unabated zeal and interest. He writes so many articles and pamphlets both in Bengali and English against this so evil religious custom and stigma.
Accordingly, he had to face the anger and backlash of the orthodox Hindus but he never lost heart nor gave up the cause. He also took up the cause of widow re-marriage and abolition of child marriages.
He founded the Brahman Sabha on August 20, 1828 which later came to be known as Brahman Samaj. It was because of his harsh efforts and crusade against the system of sati that it was passed making the practice of sati illegal and punishable as a criminal offence.
Great Life Journey
Raja Mohan Roy knowing well, that Indian society in general and the Hindu Society in Particular sustained from the many social religious evils and superstitions mainly becomes of lack of education and rational thinking. Therefore, he propagated the study of science and underlined the importance of opening schools and villages, towns and cities.
In 1822 he opened his own school and named in Anglo-Hindu School. Later he also set up a Vedanta College. He wrote frequently on many scientific subjects of immediate social importance and also translated ancient Hindu religious texts into Bengali, Hindi and English. He wrote the first book on Bengali Grammar and composed many hymns and songs and set them to music.
Ram believed in the freedom of expression and ushered in a new era of journalism by starting the publication of a number of weekly magazines in Bengali and English. And so he was properly been named as the Priest of Indian journalism. He believed firmly in democracy and the free press and engaged himself in spreading the message of political freedom.
Life Accomplishments | Last Breath
In 1830 he sailed on 15th November for England along with his son Raja Rama and two servants. He was warmly received there. Many well known person-hood arrived to watch Raja Ram Mohan Roy. He talks with them different important issues instead of political ones.
In England he had very busy schedule and his activities began to tell upon his health. Accordingly, he fell seriously ill on September 11, 1853 and finally breathed his last on September 27, 1833.
His death was strongly and sadly cried and rich tributes were paid in his recall. He was truly and deeply religious and firmly believed in oneness of life and divinity of all men. He was also truly modern with a scientific bent on mind.