Who is Karl Friedrich Benz? School, Education, Childhood, Family, Interests
Karl Friedrich Benz was a German engineer and entrepreneur, who designed and built the world’s first automobile powered by an internal-combustion engine. Karl Benz was the founder of Mercedes –Benz.
Karl Benz’s real name was Karl Friedrich Michael valiant. He was born on 25th November, 1844 in Germany to Josephine Valliant and Johann George Benz. Karl’s father at a very young age. His family was poor but Karl’s mother provided him with the best education. Karl went to a local grammar school.
He was a great student and worked hard to get a good education. He followed his father’s footsteps and too an interest in automobiles. Later, he attended the Polytechnical University, Karlsruhe. N 1864, at the age of nineteen, he graduated in mechanical engineering.
After he graduated, Benz started a mechanical workshop with his friend. The sold building and construction material. However, the company came out as a total failure in just one year. Benz then began to work in bicycle repaired workshop.
It was working with bicycles that made him think about a mechanized vehicle. His knowledge about the bicycle came in handy. He wanted to make carriage that did not the help of horses for movement.
Benz was determined to make this dream come true. He developed a new and better engine for his carries. During 1885, Benz designed many parts of his automobile. To earn more money for his family, Benz gave birth too many inventions and patented most of them.
These include the ignition, spark plug, great shift, water radiator, and clutch. He created a for the carriage. The engine was placed between the near wheels of the carriage. He designed his automobile in such a way that many people could sit in it.
First Gas Car by Benz, Business Planning
Benz was the first person to use the first fully-powered gas car with two seats, one each for a driver and a passenger. In 1885, he completed his breakthrough invention. It was the very first automobile that was ready for commercial use. In 1886, he got the patent for his engine.
Benz was ready to sell his great invention. His invention changed the lives of people who wished to travel long distance. However, in the beginning, it was hard for Benz to show its benefits.
People were not convicted that it was much better than the horse carriage that they used at the time. People didn’t but Benz’s idea and found it impractical, until his wife Bertha took the first long-distance tour in it.
The goal was to build awareness in the automobile industry and changes the public’s opinion. She was successful in attempting this tour. Benz’s automobile was then considered to be the safest means of transportation.
Business Growth and Popularity
Benz kept on improving his automobile model, as it gained popularity and demand amongst people. One flaw in his earlier model was that it couldn’t be driven on high hills. Also, getting fuel for these automobiles was difficult. He added brake linings and an extra gear for the ability to drive over hills.
First Benz Car Model in 1885, Many Car Models Introduced in same year
The World fair held in Paris, in 1889, increased the demand for his cars. He then set up new infrastructure for building more automobiles. He first launched the ‘Benz Model 1’ in 1885 and then the ‘Benz Model 2’. Soon, the Model3’ was also available. Benz came up with a major change in his next design and introduced the ‘Benz Velo’ model. It had four wheels instead of three.
Competition with Daimler (Mercedes) Truth behind Mercedes Benz?
Benz faced intense competition in 1920 from Daimler, who was the maker of the Mercedes engine. Both companies were in high demand. So, in 1924, they signed as agreement of at mutual interest. It benefited both of them and saved them money due to their combined production, marketing, purchasing and advertising efforts.
Soon, the two companies ventured as Daimler Benz and created one of the famous brands in the world: Mercedes Benz. The decision was fruitful for both the companies. In 1927, they launched diesel trucks.
Love Life and Death
Benz and Bertha got married in 1872. They had five children. Bertha helped her husband start the business and establish the brand, which became well-known all over the world.
Benz died on April 4, 1929, at the age of 84, at his home in Germany. Benz left a great legacy after his death and made a significant contribution to the history of automobiles. He is a prime example of innovation and marketing that continues to be in the automobile industry.