Who is Chandragupta Vikramaditya? What are works and Ideologies? Childhood, Family
The great Chandragupta Vikramaditya ruler over India for about 300 years from 320 AD. Chandra Gupta founded the Gupta Dynasty. He became very powerful with the marriage to Licchavi Princess Kumar Devi. He ruled from Patliputra. His successor Samudra Gupta was a very powerful kind who made Palliputra the centre and seat of the great empire.
He defeated no less than nine kings of the northern India and annexed their territories to his own kingdom. Thus, he was one of the most powerful and accomplished kings of India. He was a man of many exceptional talents and skills and as an emperor any doubt.
Samudragupta’s son Chandra Gupta II, also known as Chandra Gupta Vikramaditya, proved to the be the greatest among the Gupta kings. During his long reign of 40 years India enjoyed the most prosperous period and came to be known as the Golden Age.
King of India, Sun of Prowess, How India became very rich during his Period?
Became king of India in about 380 AD and assumed his grandfather’s name and is, therefore, known as Chandra Gupta II. Vikramaditya was another title which means the “Sun of Prowess”. He further extended the boundaries of his empire and annexed the territories of Malwa, Gujarat and Saurashtra where ruled Great Satrpa Chieftains.
Till then they had remained outside the boundaries of Samudra Gupta’s kingdom. These regions were exceptionally wealthy and fertile. Consequently under Chandra Gupta Vikramaditya, India became a very rich, powerful and prosperous country. There was a huge income from numerous seaports like Bharoch, Sopara, and Camby etc. which came in the from the customs duties.
Nalanda was the great seat of learning during that period. Thousands of students studied at this university, Besides Patliputra, Ujjain was great centre of trade and business. Sanskrit was the court language of the Guptas. Ayodhya was another important city during that period. Mathura was another flour shining city and there were many institutions of learning and arts.
Chandra Gupta Vikramaditya’s reign marks the highest watermark of ancient Indian culture and civilization. The famous Chinese traveler and Buddhist pilgrim Fa-hsien came to India during Vikramaditya’s period.
When Monk Comes in India? And why, How The king tolerated their religions
The monk stayed for a long time and studied Buddhism and collected authentic books and literature on the life and works of Gautama Buddha. During his 6 years long stay in India; he visited various places including Mathura, Patliputra, Nalanda, Tamralipti etc.
According to him, the people in the country were happy, peaceful, law, abiding, rich and religious, Revenue from the loyal lands was the main source of income to king who lived magnificent palaces of massive stone work richly decorated with cravings and sculptures. In their majesty and splendor the places appeared to Fa-Fsien as the works of sprits and fairies and beyond the skills and capacity of merely human craftsmen.
The Chinese monk and traveller noted that there were not many serious crime and the administrations was not harsh at all. People could move anywhere as they pleased and there were no restrictions of movement. People were vegetarians and observed ahimsa or non-injury.
Meat –eating was confided to the law castes and untouchables who lived outside the cities and towns. The king followed the Hindu region but tolerated all other – religious – Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism flourished side-by-side.
Some Great Poems by Chandragupta Vikramaditya
During this period India was the most civilized, peaceful and prosperous country in the world. There was good governance and the interests of the people were looked after well and there was no needless interference in the life of individuals.
It was the age of Hinduism Resistance and arts and literature flourished to the highest possible degree. Kalidasa, the greatest Sanskrit poet and dramatist was the contemporary of Chandra Gupta Vikramaditya. He was a native of Mandsor in Malwa and closely associated with the court at Ujjain.
He wrote his great descriptive poems and Ritusamhara and Meghadutta during Vikramaditya’s reign, Shakuntala. Most famous of his play was also authored during these days. Other famous literary books like MirchachaKatika (Shudraka), Mudrarakshasa (Vishakhadatta), Vayu Purana etc. were also composed during this Golden Age of the Guptas.
The Aryabhata Era those days, Patliputra, Mathematics and Astronomy, Discovery of Zero by Hindu Scholars and Genius
Scientific advancement was also at its great height during these days, the great mathematicians and Brahamgupta was the product of this age. Aryabhata was born at Patliputra and late he taught there mathematics and astronomy. By that time Indian genius had discovered the decimal system of the notation of numerals. And so was the discovery of zero made by the Hindu scholars and geniuses.
In fine arts such as music, architecture, rock-cut temples, paintings etc. also the period made great achievements; Emperor Samudragupta’s was an eminent musician. Gupta kings were great patrons of arts, crafts and literature, sculpture also reached a new height during this age of the Guptas.
Much of this treasure was destroyed by the Muslim invaders for many centuries and in systematic way. Some of the finest caves were excavated during Chandra Gupta Vikramaditya’s reign. The painting of these caves temples are marvelous and mark the highest watermark in the art.
Life Story of the King, and what are they changes in India by the Vikramaditya
Excellence and high merits have been acknowledged universally. The Hindu arts were at their best during these characteristics. “The Physical beauty of the figures, the gracious dignity of their attitude, and the refined restrains of the treatments are qualities not be found elsewhere in Indian sculpture in the same degree. Certain more oblivious technical marks are equality distinctive. Such are the plain robes showing the body as if they were transparent, the elaborate haloes and the curios wigs”.
In metallurgical skill and also the Gupta Age was at the zenith. Many marvelous monuments, idols and statues in metal were created during this period. The iron pillar near Qutub Minar in Delhi, made of wrought iron is one such example of metallurgical marvel.
Many copper statutes of a very high standard were sculpted which include a huge 80 feet copper, image of Buddha. It was housed at the Nalanda University in Bihar, Another copper statue of Buddha measuring seven and half and feet who were also created during Chandra Gupta Vikramaditya’s rule and it can now he seen in the museum at Birmingham, England.