सूर्यकांत त्रिपाठी निराला की जीवनी

Biography of Suryakant Tripathi Nirala

Who Was Suryakant Tripathi Nirala?

Suryakant Tripathi Nirala and his poetry full or sustenance power, Suryakant Tripathi is set up as “Maha Pran Nirala’ in Hindi Journalism. Nirala, as issue of fact, was born poet. By the time he had reached class 9th, he commenced composing Poetry in Braj Bhasha and Awadhi. He began to write verses in Sanskrit also before he was fourteen years of age.

Later on he became famous as a capable poet in Khari Boli. His publications, well known in the category of translation of  religious literature are Parivrajak Shri Ram Krishna Kathamrit Lectures of Vivekananda and Raj Bhoga.

Early Life

Nirala standings is more as a poet. He was one of the most and top class of sentimentality in Hindi convention while Chhayawadi poetry, is the metaphors of gentle part of the nature and human idealism in the poems of Prasad and Pant, was at the climax, Nirala adopted it with influence; and crossing limits made Hindi literature prosperous in a expressive style.

Nirala gave expression in a new way to the individual’s awareness, which was compared to that of the Romantic poetry of Europe. He creates skill between personal awareness and social realism in a different way. According to Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, of all the ‘Chhayawadi’ Hindi poets, Nirala’s approach is most objective and extensive.

The poet, on one side, welcomes the new values and on the other side, reminds us of our healthy cultural traditions. Nirala gave diverse measurements to his poetry, and made experiments of emotions and feelings while creating human realism in place if theoretical idealism.

Presented inner struggle Nirala’s life full of tension, was a struggle. His style of creation is not free from it. Famed critic Paramanad ji while writing about Nirala’s world of poetry, says “His world is despondent not without reason or without inner strive which crosses the arranged limits.

There are solid social reasons of his despondency, but Nirala’s poetry in not a translation of those irascibility but is the recreation on the struggle born of his psychological world.

First Poem by Nirala

Besides all disputes aside ‘Juhi ki Kali’ is the first poem. Nirala ji himself, accepts it as first work, it was written in 1915. With this, as his first poem, Nirala began his creative works in his great style, and different form the current norms of Chhayawadi poetry. Nirala sent this poem written in free verse, for publication in the Saraswati. But the then editor of Saraswati. Pt. Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi returned it with the remarks that its meters are not proper.

According to the grapevine on account of free verse, Nirala had to face opposition from the very beginning. Because of this, Juhi ki Kali’ could be published in 1922. Therefore ‘Juhi Ki Kala’ is said to be his first poem, and yet because of construction of sentences and maturity of language this creation us glimpses of his genius. In that poem Nirala gives tongue or Natural beauty and erotic sentiment.

Philosophical Emotions

That leanings of free rhyme are seen in many poems of Nirala’s poetry is famous for liberty in poetry. Nirala in poetry. Nirala has taken liberty in many poems in which he has expressed sentiments of love e.g. Although some philosophical approach can be felt in the Panchavati Prasang. Yet various topics have been coordinated with success in most of the poems of Nirala.

That is why Panchvati Prasang is well-known as a philosophy dominated poem Nirala has give expression to the agony of his heart in respect of established values in Panchvati Parasang.

‘Ram Ki Shakti Ki Puja’

Nirala new style, diversity of subjects and natural inner conflict of account of these qualities, the poems of Nirala made their place and initial to establish. During this period ‘Ram Ki Shakti Puja” was published this is linked in the collection of his poems Anamika in 1937.

‘Ram Ki Shakti Puja‘ is one of the greatest ever of ‘Chhayawadi Poetry’. In Ram ki Shakti Puja’ Nirala has depicted, in the historical background, the struggle between Dharma Ram and Adharma Rawan.

In this extended poem, there comes out much similarity between the factors of the poetry and the facts of Nirala’s Personal life. Before the mighty power of Adharma Evil, the courage of Dharma the good (Ram) seems to getting good for nothing , the power of Ram the good, by its original thinking and worship of Shakti becomes successful in destroying the Adharma the evil.

In “Ram Ki Shakti” Nirala has described so perfectly the disintegrated subjectively and future mental condition, which the whole condition becomes by itself           

Saroj Simriti

Beyond “Ram Ki Shakti Puja’ in ‘Saroj Simriti’ also has, contributed greatly to create the poetic personality of Nirala. Saroj Simriti is an poem, which wrote in the memory of her only daughter after her death.

In ‘Saroj Simriti’, Nirala’s level of sensitivity has gone up very high. Nirala daughter Saroj had died when she was eighteen years only. In this sonnet like song. All the disharmonies of Nirala’s life have been described.

As is the nature of Nirala’s poetry. In Saroj Simriti’ , there is sorrow on one side, and cricasm on the other side. The cricasm of this song joins it with the disharmonies of the contemporary society. Nirala has made vocal human tragedy through many of his life’s themes.

Tulsi Das

In this poem Nirala seems to get philosophical. This is sufficient a mature work. As a matter of fact, through ‘Tulsi Das’ Nirala has given expression to his struggle and evolution. This is the poem in which Nirala has given expression to the struggle of his whole life in theoretical background. Identification of Nirala Tulsidas makes the poem full of life easily.

Unfathomable realism beneath the romanticism of Nirala later on. He began to write poems which are sufficiently realistic. With his hold on realism cricasm can also be seen in a natural way in his poems. Journey the ‘limits’ of Chhayawad’ Nirala took poetry to the common man he wrote poetry reflecting his agony.     


Nirala poem KukurMutta is conquered by cricasm, in which Nirala has expressed himself with sufficient freedom. In KukurMutta’ Nirala has used words of the three language Hindi, Urdu and English, and this has made a poetry of the common man’s language.

Great Poems by ‘Nirala’







Naye Patte





Novels By Nirala





Choti Ki Pakar

Kale Karnama