Who is Queen Elizabeth II?
Queen Elizabeth II was born Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on April 21, 1926, in London, to prince Albert, Duke of York who after turned King George VI, and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.
She married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh in 1947, became queen on February 6, 1952 was crowned on June 02, 1953. Under her control, she attempted to make the British kingdom better advanced and sensitive to the public. Being third in line to the crapper it looked unlikely that Princess Elizabeth would forever be Queen.
However, shortly after the death of King George V, the new king- her uncle Edward VIII- significantly Princess Elizabeth’s father then became King George VI and she became successor to the throne.
Queen Elizabeth and her younger sister Princess Margaret were educated at home. Around the Blitz in 1940, they has been affected to Windsor Castle and keep there for most of the Second World War. In 1945, Princess Elizabeth joined the war effort, training as a driver in the women’s supplementary protective Service (WATS).
In 1947, she married a distant cousin, Philip Mountbatten, who was then created His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. The nuptials-which took place during the stern post-War years-was explained by Winston Churchill as a “Flash of Colour. The Princess used ration voucher to buy the substantial for her dress.
That couple had four children, Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales, was born in 1948 and his sister Princess Anne was born two years later. After the inauguration, Prince Andrew, the Duke of York was born in 1960 and Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex reached in 1962. They were the early, children to be born to a existing potentate since Queen Victoria.
Crowned First Time
George VI dying on 6 February 1952 whereas Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip were visits Kenya and she promptly became Queen. After months of training, Queen Elizabeth II was enthrone at Westminster Abbey on June 2 1953. For the initial time, the ceremonial and the h immense public festivities were televised on TV across the UK, the Commonwealth and the rest of the world.
Queen Elizabeth started her political works which included opening Parliament and receiving her prime ministers. Throughout the 1950s, the queen and Prince Philip cut young and glamour’s figures as they extensively toured the UK and the Commonwealth.
During the 1960s, the Queen made historic visits to West Berlin at the height of the Cold War, and welcomed Emperor Hirohito of Japan on a state visit to Berlin. Versus a backcloth of political and social disturbance she celebrated her Silver Jubilee in 1977. It was a enormous accomplishment and double-digit of thousands of street parties were dumped by the public across the country.
Five years later, the UK was at war over the Falkland Islands during which Prince Andrew served with the Royal Navy as a helicopter pilot. The 1980s also saw the birth of her first grandchildren, Peter and Zara Philips, the son and daughters of Anne, Princess Royal and Captain Mark Philips.
Tragedy Struck in 1992 when he devastating fire broke out in Windsor Castle. The same year the respective marriages of Prince Charles, Prince Andrews and Princess Anne disintegrated.
The Queen deemed this ‘annus horribly”. In 1996 the marriage of Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales killed in a car accident. The Queen publicize live to the nation in tribute to the Princess of Wales.
In the year of 2002 was another year of personal sadness for the Queen, as both her sister Princess Margaret and the Queen Mother died, casting a shadow over the Golden Jubilee celebrations a few months later.
Back to Work
During a period of great change in Britain, the Queen successfully carried her political duties as head of state, her role as head of the Commonwealth, the ceremonial responsibilities of the sovereign foreign tours.
The Queen besides submitted countless improves to the royalty in 1992; she offered to start paying income and capital benefits tax. She opened her official residencies to the public- including Buckingham mansion and Windsor Castle – in order to finance their preservation.
The Queen introduced more friendly confrontation and visits, and the ‘walkabout’– the meeting and greeting of immense numbers of the public. In 2017 she turned the first British monarch to memorialize a Sapphire Jubilee.