The 32nd President of United States, Franklin Roosevelt was a key figure of the twentieth century. A man with a vision, he led the United States in its worst and helped the country to rise against the Great Depression.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt I Sara Ann Delano Franklin belonged to a wealthy family and was brought up in a privileged atmosphere. He finished his preliminary education form Groton School, and later enrolled in Harvard University, from where he graduated in 1903.
Roosevelt entered the New York Senate in 1910 with the help of his family’s reputation and wealth. The first episode that helped establish his political legacy was when he opposed Tammany Hall, an Organization that was the political machine of Democratic Party. As the chairman of the agriculture committee, Roosevelt brought new reforms that supported social welfare and labor programs for women and children.
In 1912, Roosevelt supported Woodrow Wilson in the presidential election. He successfully got himself appointed as the administrator in Wilson’s team. However, in 1913, Roosevelt resigned from his post and accepted the position of assistant secretary of the navy.
He spent seven years in the job and understood its intricacies. In the navy, he devoted himself to building large and efficient naval forces for the country and worked on finical plans for its smooth functioning.
In 1921, Roosevelt was diagnosed with polio due to which his lower body became paralyzed. People believed that this would be the end of his political career. However, Roosevelt conquered his disease.
During the 1920s, Roosevelt worked on his relationship with the Democratic Party. He supported Al Smith for the chair of the governor. Finally, in 1928, Roosevelt replaced Smith and Won the seat of governor, which he held until 1932.
In 1932, he stood in the presidential elections against the Republican Party during the Great Depression. Soon after, Roosevelt won the elections aided by the charming mannerism, optimistic outlook and buoyant spirit.
Roosevelt promised to provide relief, recovery and reform to the public and its economy. He also advocated dismantling useless commission and reducing public expenditure.
During Roosevelt’s presidency, the country was going through a major crisis. The rate of unemployment was high; the agriculture crisis was still going on and industrial production was at rock bottom.
True to his words, Roosevelt Jumped straight into action and introduced new economic policies called the New Deal. His agencies took care of agriculture administration and farm prices; civilian conservation corporations employed youth; the wages and prices of production were kept in check; and the banks took care of the stock exchange and subsidized mortgages.
While working with Republican Senator George Norris, Roosevelt created the largest government- owned industrial enterprise in American history. Roosevelt also introduced the Second New Deal in 1935 where he formed the works progress Administration to set up national relief agencies.
In 1936, he again received maximum votes and was elected as the president of the country. In 1940, Roosevelt won a third term as the president of the United States. Roosevelt started suffering from major health issues like high blood pressure and atherosclerosis and was chosen as the president for the fourth term.
Franklin Roosevelt married Eleanor Roosevelt in 1905. The couple had six children. Roosevelt passed away on April 12, 1945, after suffering a massive cerebral hemorrhage. The next day, his body was placed in a flag- draped coffin and buried in the Rose Garden of his springwood Estate in Hyde Park, New York.
Franklin Roosevelt was one the most be-loved presidents of the United States. To describe Roosevelt , Jean Edward Smith said, “ He lifted himself from a wheelchair to lift the nation from its knees “ He was only president of the United States to be elected for four terms.