Nationalism And Democracy

Difference Between Nationalism & Democracy It is often claimed that nationalism and democracy are the chief competing ideologies of the contemporary world. What this claim overlooks id that they share a common historical and ideological origin in the principal of the French Revolution that all political authority stems from the people.

The Nationalist belief in the self-determination of peoples, each within its own state, is closely akin to the democratic principal that the people of a country should be self-determining in their own affairs. If the people are to rule, then who constitutes the people becomes a pressing political question.

Nationalism and Exclusivity

However, this is not the end of the matter. Whereas democracy is a universalistic doctrine, emphasizing the common human capacity for self-determination, which all share despite their differences, nationalism is particularization, emphasizing, the differences between peoples, and the value of a nation’s distinctive culture, tradition and ways of living.

Nationalism tends to be exclusive whereas democracy is inclusive. And this exclusivity becomes profoundly undemocratic when it leads to the denial of citizenship rights to settled residents of territory simple because they do not share the language, religion or ethnic origins of the most numerous national group.

If all states coincided neatly with a single homogeneous people or nation there would be no problem. In practice, however, centuries or migration and conquest have so intermingled the peoples of the world that the concept of the nation-state as the home of a single national or ethnic grouping is nowhere to be realized.

Nationalism and Democratic Rights

Although national demands for self-determination can therefore be seen as consistent with democratic principal, the denial of equal political rights to settled residents or the refusal to grant any autonomy to minority peoples within view of the manifest potential of such denials to disrupt the peace, both within and between states, they cannot simply be regarded as an internal matter, to be decided by the country is question.

Basic democratic rights, as a part of human rights, are now regarded as a common property and legitimate aspiration of all mankind, and their denial a proper ground for concern and even, where appropriate, for sanction on the part of the international community. The particular-ism of nationhood and ethnicity, in other words, can now only be legitimately asserted on the basis of acknowledgment our common humanity, and not at its expense.    

Can Any Country Attain Democratic Government?

The nineteenth-century liberal philosopher J.S. Mill argued that democratic government required an advanced level of civilization. Non-western countries were incapable of self-government, he believed, and required a benevolent despotism to rule them, preferably administered by the West.

This racist judgment was characteristic of even the most enlightened thinkers of the period. Although having an educated population is certainly advantageous for a democracy, because it diminishes the gulf between rules and ruled, there no evidence that the lack of a formal education renders people incapable of understanding and discussing the issues that affect them, or of taking responsibility for their own affairs. And the track record of despotism, whether imperial or domestic, is anything but benevolent.

Popular Struggle

The historical record indicates that the democracy is rarely established without widespread popular struggle and mobilization, sometimes over a lengthy period and at considerable personal cost.

Ordinary people have to be convinced of the necessity of democratic government to the realization of their basic aspirations, and must organize to demand it. It other words democracy does not come handed down from above.

Traditional rulers, military dictator’s communist apparatchiks, life presidents, foreign occupiers-none of them give up power voluntarily, but only when their regimes have become widely discredited and popular mobilization has convinced them that their continuation in power can only provoke deepening disorder and ungovernbility.

International Support

Support from democracies abroad can certainly assist in victory for democratic forces and the attainment of democratic constitution. During the Cold War, however, Western democracies were interested more in limiting the spread of communism in other countries than in encouraging democracy, and to this end they helped sustain some highly under democratic regimes in power.

Since the end of the Cold War the balance international activity has shifted decisively towards supporting democratic movements and governments. Although such support is important, it can be no substitute for a people’s own struggle against authoritarian rule.

After all, there is something self-contradictory about a country’s having self-government imposed upon it from outside; and in any case such a regime is unlikely to last for long.

91 thoughts on “Nationalism And Democracy

  1. fun888asia

    Hey! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with
    us so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely
    loving the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this
    to my followers! Fantastic blog and excellent design and style.

  2. hkovacof

    Пользователи, проживающие в России, теперь могут свободно узнать больше информации о кредитовании благодаря порталу и информации, которая на нем опубликована. Веб-ресурс дает достаточно информации о том, как взять кредит, а также предоставляет последние новости из этой сферы. Также есть полезные статьи, например, о рефинансировании и том, как его нужно проводить. Представлено много понятных инструкций по взятию займа в режиме онлайн. Больше полезной информации и статей можно найти непосредственно по ссылке.

  3. Gay Bear Dad and Son

    We are a gaggle of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your website offered us with helpful information to work
    on. You’ve done a formidable activity and our entire neighborhood will
    likely be grateful to you.

  4. art carney

    Having read this I thought it was rather enlightening.

    I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this content together.
    I once again find myself spending a significant amount of time both reading and
    leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  5. fan88 asia

    I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this blog.
    I’m hoping to see the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future
    as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to
    get my own site now 😉

  6. cuevana 3

    Ver y descargar Películas y Series en Latino, Español, Subtitulado e ingles, los últimos estrenos en la mejor
    calidad HD sin cortes. Cuevana Online.

  7. link joker123

    It is actually a great and useful piece of info. I am satisfied that you just shared this useful information with us.
    Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for

  8. euro

    With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into
    any problems of plagorism or copyright violation? My blog has a
    lot of exclusive content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it appears a lot
    of it is popping it up all over the internet without my agreement.
    Do you know any techniques to help reduce content from
    being stolen? I’d certainly appreciate it.

  9. fs22 mods

    Hey there, You’ve done a great job. I’ll definitely digg it and personally recommend to my friends.
    I’m confident they will be benefited from this site.

  10. superslot 777

    I just couldn’t go away your site before suggesting that I really loved the
    standard info a person provide on your guests?
    Is gonna be back continuously in order to investigate cross-check new posts

  11. covid-19

    Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to
    say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!


    Howdy great blog! Does running a blog similar to this take a great deal of work?

    I’ve no expertise in coding however I had been hoping
    to start my own blog in the near future. Anyhow, should you have any suggestions or techniques for new blog owners please share.

    I know this is off topic but I just needed to ask.
    Many thanks!


    fantastic publish, very informative. I wonder why the opposite experts of this sector do
    not realize this. You should continue your writing.
    I’m sure, you have a huge readers’ base already!

  14. fun888asia

    Its like you read my mind! You appear to know so much about this, like you wrote
    the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to drive
    the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is fantastic blog.
    A great read. I’ll certainly be back.

  15. Watch Jav Online Free - JavMama

    I have been surfing online more than three hours as of late, but I never discovered any fascinating article like yours.
    It’s pretty value enough for me. Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made excellent content as you probably did, the internet might be a lot more
    useful than ever before.

  16. fun 88 mobile

    When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is
    added I get several e-mails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?
    Bless you!

  17. kıbrıs geceleri

    You can definitely see your expertise within the article you write.
    The arena hopes for more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to say how they
    believe. Always follow your heart.

  18. servers

    Hmm it appears llike your website ate my first comment (it wwas super long) so I guess
    I’ll just sum iit up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.

    I too am an aspiring blog writer buut I’m still nnew
    to everything. Do you have any recommendations for first-time blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  19. google

    Hi! I’ve been reading your web site for a long time now
    and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from
    Lubbock Tx! Just wanted to mention keep up the fantastic work!


    We’re a gaggle of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
    Your site offered us with helpful info to work on. You have done an impressive activity and our entire neighborhood will
    likely be thankful to you.

  21. ทางเข้า fun88

    Hi there I am so excited I found your webpage,
    I really found you by error, while I was researching on Bing for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to say
    thank you for a fantastic post and a all round entertaining blog (I also love
    the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the moment but I have
    book-marked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do
    keep up the awesome work.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.